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Foros - the southernmost of the Crimean settlements with an original, elegant park and beach, where the savagery of the young world and the luxury of civilization are combined.  Here, exclusively pure sea water, majestic mountain panoramas and such a variety of vegetation that it is necessary to recognize it as one of the most picturesque, ecologically clean and warm corners of the Crimea. 

Beaches: pebble, the southern tip of the Crimean peninsula, where the village is located, is well washed by sea currents, due to which the sea water is always clean. 

From Simferopol (airport): 120 km

From Kerch (ferry): 300 km

What to do in Foros:

1. To take a walk in Foros Park - this pleasure is difficult to lose, resting in Foros, as the whole village is, in fact, the territory of the park.  The local flora has 350 species of trees and shrubs.  And still here grows the largest in Crimea grove of Lebanese cedars - 16 century trees of twenty meters height. 

2. To visit the Foros Church of the Resurrection of Christ on the Red Rock.  Visit this place is for two reasons.  First of all, for the sake of the church.  Because it is a fine example of Crimean architecture - a special Byzantine masonry, nine huge domes like old Orthodox churches, a mosaic of Italian masters and walls that are painted by the best Russian artists - an impressive combination of ancient cultures and architectural genres.  The second reason is spectacular views that open before your eyes at an altitude of 400 meters above sea level.  A terraced green forest slides down from the mountains to the blue sea, and the sea continues with the sky and nothing restrains the sight, even the horizon line is barely noticeable on the blue canvas.  From such a bird's freedom it's easy to breathe, think and dream.  You can get to the church by excursion or by taxi. 

3. To drive under the old Baidar Gate, built in 1848 under Prince Vorontsov.  They appeared on the occasion of the completion of the construction of the Sevastopol-Yalta road on the mountain pass through the main ridge of the Crimean mountains.  Since then, the gates have served as a halt for anyone who traveled this road.  The traveler could refresh himself at the restaurant and even stay overnight at the hotel.  Despite the fact that now on the road just for the sake of these gates and go, tourists as before can taste a cozy halt and delicious food in the restaurant "Shalash". 

4. To descend into the underworld of the Skel Cave that in its beauty and mystery is not inferior to the famous Marble Cave, but is located near the Foros Church.  Just take with you comfortable shoes and a jacket - here, as in any cave, it's damp and cold.  To get to the cave, you can order an excursion or a taxi. 

5. To establish a connection with the cosmos in the temple of the Sun.  This amazing and most mysterious place of the Crimea is located near the village.  It is also called the Crimean Stonehenge.  To rise to the temple of the Sun can be independently or as part of the excursion group.  For independent travel it is necessary to take a bus to Sevastopol at the bus station of the village and leave after 30 minutes at the Laspi stop.  Behind the stop begins a comfortable, wide path, going first through the shady forest, and then through the wonderful glades to vertically standing stones up to 10-15 meters high.  This is the complex of the Tyshlar or the temple of the Sun.  Above it there are peaked peaks of the rock Ilyas-Kaya with the remnants of St. Elijah's temple, from where a stunning view of the bay of Laspi, Cape Sarych and Cape Aya opens.  Experts say that powerful energy is concentrated here, thst can even affect a person's well-being, his luck and fate.  Many people believe that wishes come true here. 

6. To admire the beauties of the South Coast from the highest point of the Sevastopol-Yalta highway (325 meters above sea level), seven kilometers from Foros - the Laspi Pass.  On the cliff of the pass there is an observation deck, from which a magical view opens on Cape Aya, the Batiliman and Laspi coves.  Even seasoned tourists, who have seen a lot during their travels, admire the picture of the beach that asks to get into the camera lens.  Before the viewing platform, you can take a shuttle bus to Sevastopol. 

7. Of course, with a head immersed in an unforgettable beach holiday in one of the most environmentally friendly corners of the Crimea. In total there are 6 beaches in the village: Green, Cold, Pink, wild beach "Derevyashka" and the beach near Cape Chekhov.  At the end of the village, if you pass through a tunnel in the wall, you can go to the sixth beach "Quiet Bay". It is a small beach, fenced on all sides by breakwaters and hills.  Therefore, there are no large waves and storms.  All the beaches are pebble.  In the season you can go in for water sports, scuba diving, in the "Quiet Bay" you can rent a boat, boat, catamaran or jet ski.  From the Foros sanatorium depart excursion boats and motor ships to Cape Aya.  Some of them, at the request of tourists even go to Balaklava Bay. 

Editorial recommends:

1. If you have planned a holiday in August, you can diversify your carefree days at the annual international open-air film festival "Point in the Infinite Universe" on Cape Sarych.  Young and talented Russian filmmakers from all over the country gather here. There are photo exhibitions, theater performances, musicians perform, in general, a creative and positive atmosphere reigns here.  And in the evenings the participants demonstrate their films on the big screen in an open-air field.  There is even a special stage for children, where author's cartoons are shown in the evenings, and magicians perform in the afternoon. 

2. What is about going to the Villa Stirlitz?  Just seven and a half kilometers from Foros in the village of Oliva stands the House-Museum of the famous Russian writer Julian Semyonov.  You can get to it by taking a shuttle bus number 28 or a regular bus to Sevastopol to stop Oliva, and then walk to the small village of Muhalatka. 

3. Continuation of the tour can be a walk along the path leading to the "Devil's Staircase".  The path connects the southern coast of the Crimea with the top of a mountain range, during the times of Chersoneses, the Romans often went around it.  In some places, Roman paving stones have been preserved.  On this road, the only one in the 18th - early 19th centuries, Pushkin, Griboyedov, Zhukovsky passed here.  The path starts near the village, a large stone pillar serves as a landmark.

 

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Simeiz - a southern coastal village, closed from the cold north winds by the ridge of the Main ridge of the Crimean mountains, and from the western ones - by an array of stone Cats.  This forms its especially dry and warm climate.  Simeiz - a provincial, but at the same time a very peculiar resort.  Here, the beauty of wildlife harmoniously combines with the beauty of the architecture of numerous ancient villas and villas. 

Another name of Simeiz: in Greek, "simion" - a sign, a mark. 

Beaches: small pebbles, rocky terrain. 

From Simferopol (airport): 103.8 km

From Kerch (ferry): 282.1 km

What to do in Simeiz:

1. Be sure to go up to the observation deck of the cliff "Diva" - it's something like a local tourist ritual.  The height of the rock is 51 meters, there are 260 steps to the summit - the test is not for timid ones.  But if you decide, you will have a magnificent view of the village.  At the foot of the rock there is the most popular city beach with fine sifted pebbles.  And Diva is a real movie star.  It was from her ledge that the dashing Gypsy Yashka in the film "Elusive Avengers", laying the foundation for another tradition for visitors and local extreme lovers. 

2. Continue your journey through the rocks of Simeiz on the cliff of Panea with the remains of the ancient Christian monastery of Panagia and the Genoese fortress.  And in antiquity, and nowadays, from ancient watchtowers opens a magnificent view of the Simeiz Valley, the coastal cliffs and the bay, where the Black Sea dolphins drive their breakfast every morning. 

3. To climb the mountain "Koshka" and admire the wonderful views.  It's not as difficult as it seems.  You just need to choose a cool day and walk along the old streets of Simeiz, up, towards the track.  Where the Sevastopol route crosses the mountain range of Koshka, there is an observation deck and an ecological path begins.  If there is no hunt to go on foot, you can take a shuttle bus № 107 on the Simeiz ring and in five minutes find yourself on the same viewing platform, where, incidentally, they sell sweet Yalta onions.  If you follow the path to the "back" of the Koshka, in 10 minutes you can come to the outskirts of the most ancient settlement in the Crimea - the Taurus village (10th century BC), or rather, what was left of it: the foundation of ancient houses and defensive walls, where in the Middle Ages another Genoese fortification of Limen-Isar was appeared.  If you go up the path to the "tail" of the Cat, you can get to the ancient Taurian burial ground, where more than 30 dolmens - stone burial boxes have been preserved.  The mountain "Koshka" (also called "Kosh-Kaya") is low, only 260 meters above sea level, it can be seen from everywhere, but most of all the cat looks like a mountain on the eastern side. 

4. It will be interesting to visit the observatory on Mount Koshka.  There you can listen to the stories of scientists, observe the work of the range finder and determine the distance to the nearest satellite.  You can look through the telescope to the star nebulae, and then buy professional photographs of the constellations, nebulae and comets.  Excursions to the observatory are organized every day - the sightseeing bus is waiting for tourists at 20:00 at the bus stop "Kolco".  Just remember that the observatory is high in the mountains and even in July it's cold in the evenings. 

5. Organize yourself a small aerotherapy in the Simeiz park.  The park itself is small, but its peculiarity is that apart from the usual palm trees and cypresses, one of the largest juniper groves has grown here, and the air saturated with the smell of juniper strengthens the immune system and clears the breath. 

6. Those who are looking for entertainment, you should visit the water park "Goluboy zaliv", behind the mountain "Koshka".  Hills, swimming pools, bars, restaurants and even a hotel is all at your service.  In addition, the water in the water park is fresh, but the real sea. 

7. To get acquainted with the beach map of the resort.  Going for the long-awaited beach experiences, note that the Simeiz beaches, especially wild, like fans of impeccable sunburn.  First of all, this refers to the beach at the foot of the cliff "Wing of the Swan", where from the middle of the last century, every year for the whole summer informal camps from all over the CIS break up their camp - not only nudists, but also hippies, rastomans, and other free creative individuals.  There is no convenient descent into the sea, only large boulders, from which you will have to jump.  But the quiet and underwater world is rich - it's interesting to dive with a mask.  The wild beach at the cliff "Diva" is also rocky, but populous and open, so there are no nudists here.  The best entertainment on this beach is to jump and dive with small boulders, but you can not easily sunbathe in the sun here.  The heart of a beach holiday in Simeiz is a city beach.  It is completely strewn with pebbles.  There is a pier to the right of the beacher, where every hour an off-road motor ship is departing and catamarans can be rented.  Above the beach there are pedestrian paths with small cafes and shops. 

8. For extreme people and climbers!  Not far from Simeiz is Mount Shaan-Kaya - one of the coolest places in the Crimea for fans of thrills.  Shaan-Kaya - the most terrible and most difficult for climbing rock, as a magnet attracts climbers.  It has a negative bias, because the routes here are extremely complicated, but also extremely interesting.  Capture the spirit of the surrounding beauty, to admire which is not difficult and safe, because on the cliff, two pedestrian paths lead to the bypass.  Finally, Shaan-Kaya - Mecca roupjamperov, who make incredible jumps from its top with a free fall of 160 meters.

Editorial recommends:

1. Before you go down to Simeiz, stop, take a look at it from the motorway.  From the hot slope tease yourself with beckoning views of the blue bay, look at the rocks of freakish forms and you will not long forget these moments of joyful anticipation. 

2. Take time to walk around the village and admire its architecture.  In Simeiz there are no famous palaces, but, nevertheless, the resort was built by the best Yalta architects.  In the 20th century, the cottage settlement was called a museum of architecture in the open air.  Until now, the exquisite dachas "Xenia" and "Mechta" have been preserved. The "Xenia" is located directly opposite the avenue - cypress avenue leading to the park. The "Mechta" - just behind the turn, at a distance of 100 meters, if you walk from the bus station. 

3. Go on an excursion to the Vorontsov Palace in Alupka.  Shuttle bus number 115, 107 in just 30 minutes will take you to the city center.  The famous palace of Prince Vorontsov is one of the most beautiful in the Crimea.  The palace is located in the territory of a huge park of 40 hectares.  Each corner of the park has its own unique design and name.  In the castle there are excursions and exhibitions.  Quests are held in the park. 

4. If you rest with children, a lot of positive emotions for kids will bring a walk in the zoo "Skazka" in Yalta.  The zoo is located in a picturesque place at the foot of the Stavri-Kaya rock, on the riverbed of the Vodopadnaya River.  You can get there by bus №115, 107, 142. Here wild lions, tigers, bears, monkeys and other animals live in spacious open-air cages, raise their cubs, and gladly receive fruit from guests.  A real pleasure for children is brought to the "Babushkin dvor", where you can chat and play with four-legged friends: goats, pigs, rabbits.  In the zoo, there are about a hundred different kinds of animals, and in total there are about six hundred of them.

 

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Щелкино

Shhelkino is a small town on the southern shore of the Azov Sea of ​​the Kerch Peninsula, at the foot of Kazantip Point.  The city was founded in 1978 for the builders of the Crimean nuclear power plant and later named in honor of the Soviet nuclear physicist Kirill Shhelkin. 

The city is popular as a seaside resort.  The Sea of ​​Azov is not deep and quickly warms up, so families like to come here with children.  Beaches: fine sandy and long, although there are a number of cozy small coves near Shhelkino, where you can wonderfully relax and even settle with a tent.

 

From Simferopol (airport): 173 km

From Kerch (ferry): 79 km

 

What to do in Shhelkino:

1. Visit the city beach of Shhelkino which is connected by a single coastline to the beach of the village of Mysovoye along the Russkaya Bay.  The wide sandy coast stretches for 4 kilometers from the recreation center "Riga" to the pier of the village of Mysovoye, so even at the peak of the season there are plenty of places.  On the beach there are cafes, water entertainments, amusement park, there are canopies, sun beds and hammocks. 

2. You should make a small trip to the beach "Tatarka", 3 kilometers from the city of Shhelkino if you have little space on the central beach.  This huge 25 kilometer shallow beach is undoubtedly one of the best beaches in the Crimea.  The depth is small to swim here, it is necessary to go deep into 50-100 meters.  Therefore, it is great for a family holiday with children.  The shell replaces the sand a few meters from the shore.  The water is clean and very warm.  Due to its length, the beach is never "packed" by holidaymakers.  Most of the coast is generally deserted.  It is an ideal place for a wild holiday.  From Shhelkino you can get here on foot through the steppe, it takes half an hour, or by taxi. 

3. It is imperative to take a walk along the central beach to the rotunda - this is a romantic observation deck on the Cape Turtle, not far from the boarding house "Riga".  The arbor was built in 1972 at the suggestion of the director of the boarding house E. Vilka as a gift to the beloved city. Unfortunately, the rotunda was unprotected by anything before the sea element and turned out to be short-lived. It had to be restored after almost complete destruction.  Now the restored one is much stronger, although not so elegant. A complete copy of the previous one was erected in front of it as compensation.

4. Visit the Kazantip Nature Reserve - one of the most ecologically clean zones in the Crimea with pristine nature, unique landscape, rich flora and fauna.  Almost the entire cape is covered with steppes, which are cut off to the sea by limestone rocks.  The southern part of Kazantip is called the Archaeological Coast.  Historians assume that it was an ancient hillfort of Heraclius.  There are traces of agricultural lands and artificial terraces of ancient times, stone walls and earthen ramparts.  The nature reserves of Crimea are open for visiting; however the walk is informative with the guide. 

5. Master extreme sports in the Water Sports Center in the Eastern Crimea "Yokhokho" on the coast of the "Tatarka" bay.  Shhelkino and the nearby village of Mysovoe are located between the two gulfs of Arabatsky and Kazantip, which creates ideal wind conditions for wind and kitesurfing.  The season begins on the 1st of May and lasts until the 1st of October and longer.  The center is engaged in kiting, windsurfing, surfing, SAP boarding, kayaking, paragliding.  This list will expand in the near future. A new sports hall is founding for those who are fond of boxing, cross fit, yoga. 

6. Visit the unfinished Crimean nuclear power plant located near the city of Shhelkino on the shore of the salt Aktash Lake.  Once, Soviet scientists conceived the idea of ​​turning Shhelkino into one of the centers of the Union's nuclear industry.  They did not succeed in this - the construction of the almost finished Crimean nuclear power plant was stopped after the Chernobyl disaster.  The station was dismantled.  However, the building remained and later was successfully used by the organizers of the music festival "Kazantip" to hold youth discos.  Films were made on the ruins of the nuclear power plant and the most famous is "Inhabited Island" by Fyodor Bondarchuk.  Excursions lead from the city to the building of the nuclear power station but you can visit it yourself.  Nuclear fuel was not imported here so there is no radiation hazard. 

7. Do yoga on the shore of the gentle Azov Sea in the Crimean Institute of Physical Culture on the basis of practical yoga.  There are seminars and practical classes annually in the summer on the beach. 

8. Visit master classes if you rest with children on gingerbread toys, ceramics, and colored sand and not only in the art studio "Arlekino" in the city center.  Kids wait here for developing and intellectual games, karaoke, dancing, cartoons and interesting acquaintances.  There is an anti-coffee "Arlekino" at the art studio if they get hungry.

 

Editorial recommends:

1. Visit the Kazantip Cape on April and early May when tulips and irises bloom. 

2. Take a horse walk to the building of the nuclear power plant.  This walk will take 3 hours.  You can order this excursion in Shhelkino from any tour organizer or directly on the farm in the village of Mysovoye, on the coast of the Tatar bay. 

3. Ride the sights of Shhelkino and the outskirts on a red cabriolet with Vasily Afanasyevich, a famous Crimean guide.  You can find it on the waterfront of the city. 

4. Pay attention to the festival life of the town.  Be sure to visit the festival if you plan a vacation in Shhelkino at the end of June. The "Fortune" is a multi-genre arts festival.  Every year it collects talents from all over the Crimea: who sing, dance, play various musical instruments, draw, shoot short films, and practice applied art or photography.  In August, the Shhelkino holiday is diversified by the annual festival of contemporary art "Sol".  Guests are welcomed by creative meetings, music programs, experimental performances, master classes, street-shows. 

5. While relaxing in Shhelkino, do not miss the opportunity to visit the largest volcanic field of Crimea - the valley of mud volcanoes near the village of Bondarenkovo, seven kilometers from Kerch. It is often called the "Lunar Valley" because of the similarity of the landscape with the craters on the Moon.  Numerous griffins climb a meter and a half above the ground and constantly gurgle.  Salsa, small dirt lakes, spews dirt and gas to the surface of the earth from a depth of several hundred meters to several kilometers. 

6. You should make an unforgettable excursion to the famous General beaches if you are a true connoisseur of peace and solitude.  "General beaches" or "Coast 1000 bays" is the Karalarskiy landscape park in the north of the Kerch peninsula, picturesque bays with the purest sandy beaches.  You can get there by your own or hired transport in the direction of the Kurortnoye village through Ostanino, Novotradnoye and Zolotoe. You can also go through the village of Ostanino, Leninsky and turn Gornostaevka to the left and through the Bagerovo village, go to the coast "Generalskiye beaches". This route is slightly longer than the first, but the road surface is better here. The third option is through the city of Kerch in the direction of the village Kurortnoye. There are some minuses: lack of infrastructure and fresh water. 

7. You should visit the Leninsky district museum of local lore in the village of Lenino, 20 km from Shhelkino if you do not mind getting acquainted with the history of the Kerch Peninsula.  After all, the Kerch Peninsula was inhabited by people, beginning with the Stone Age, in ancient times, in the middle Ages.  There is a museum in the center of the village in the building of the Palace of Culture on Pushkin Street. 

8. Visit the unique nursery of ornamental birds in the Ilichevo village near Shhelkino. An interesting man ornithologist Pavel Vedmid lives there who collected a rare and unique collection of birds and animals in the farmhouse.  Here live pigeons of different breeds, eagles, pheasants, peacocks, guinea fowls, parrots, swans and many breeds of decorative chickens. Animals are rabbits, raccoon, marten, and Vietnamese pigs.  All animals are tame and sociable.  A small zoo is located on Prodolnaya st., 81. And even if you do not remember the address any passer-by will tell you.

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Partenit - in the past a medieval harbor, and now a small resort town, snugly located on the eastern slope of Ayudaga, along the coastline of the sea.  People come here to enjoy the healing South Coast climate and the gentle Black Sea, at a convenient distance from the noise and entertainment of the large resort centers. 

Another name of Partenit: The name of the village comes from the Greek "parthenos" - the virgin.  Legends say that it was here that the temple of the Taurian goddess Virgo was located.  In 1945, Partenit was renamed Frunzenskoye, but fortunately, in 1991 it was given a historical name. 

Beaches: clean and well-groomed pebble beaches, sometimes stony, but the stones are smoothly ground by a sea wave. 

From Simferopol (airport): 63.2 km

From Kerch (ferry): 241.5 km

What to do in Partenit:

1. To visit the paradise garden - a magnificent park "Paradise" with exotic plants, lakes, waterfalls, streams and graceful sculptures - din from the most beautiful man-made corners of the Crimea.  It was established in 1964 - 1966 on the site of the former vineyards, it has more than 13 thousand trees and 30 thousand shrubs.  The most famous part of the park is an olive grove, the age of trees is more than 200 years.  The park is located on the territory of the sanatorium "Aivazovsky". 

2. To admire the neo-Mauritanian style of the estate "Karasan", also known as the Raevsky Palace.  The estate has been perfectly preserved and has not lost its beauty: graceful risalits, columns, tall windows decorated with mosaics, arches, faceted turret, dome-covered.  The park deserves special attention.  Advisers in laying the park in 1816 were the director of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, Nikolai Gartvis, and the head of the botanical garden in St. Petersburg, Fedor von Fisher.  More than 220 species of exotic trees and shrubs planted here from the South American and African continents have been planted on 18 hectares.  Now the whole complex is part of the sanatorium "Karasan". 

3. To walk on the teddy bear.  The landscape reserve "Ayu-Dag" is a symbol of the Crimea.  The height of the mountain is 571 meters.  The summit and slopes are covered with a low forest with a rich fauna, many plants and animals are listed in the Red Book.  Here and there, scattered over the "bear" are the ruins of ancient buildings, basilicas and medieval temples. The largest collection of silicon tools were found at the foot of the mountain.  Their age, presumably, is 800 thousand years.  At the foot of the mountain you can come from Partenit and from Gurzuf. 

4. Partenit, like any southern coastal resort, was created for a beach holiday.  The swimming season lasts from June to mid-October.  The beach map of the village offers a choice.  Traditionally we will start with the most popular, central beach - this is a small beach covered with sea pebbles with conditions for comfortable rest.  The water in the bay is clean, the entrance to the sea is gentle.  Those who need more personal space may like the village beach.  It is completely "wild", half covered with sand, and the second - with pebbles.  If you want, you can swim and sunbathe.  There are practically no people.  On the municipal beach, the descent to the sea looks like steps, so you can sunbathe not only lying down, but also sitting.  A large number of Partenit beaches are curative and are in use at sanatoriums and boarding houses.

Editorial recommends:

1. Do not miss the chance to ride along the coast on the boat.  From Partenit on boarding ships you can go to Yalta, Alupka or Alushta, to make a sightseeing tour along the southern coast. 

2. If you stopped in Partenit, the "Turquoise" lake must be included in the program of the Crimean sightseeing.  To begin with, to make sure that it is really turquoise.  Then, that would plunge into this cool, clean, turquoise water.  It refreshes even in the strongest heat, because the lake is fed by cold underground springs.  The lake is located in a picturesque place among forests at an altitude of more than six hundred meters above sea level, there is no windy and plenty of place for a picnic.  There is an equipped tourist parking and a source of fresh water.  It is not difficult to get there: from Partenit to the side of the village Zaprudnoe road it will take about an hour.  But time will fly by unnoticed, because the nature around is unusual. 

3. To look into the parallel world and get acquainted with kind spirits - housekeepers.  The portal is located in the House-Museum of the Brownies in Zaprudnoye.  Skilled craftsmen on wood have gathered here already more than 100 spirits among which you do not find two similar.  Some people believe that these cute figurines that are carved from pistachios or walnuts, can help in deeds and protect them from bad things. 

4. Having a rest in Partenit, one day you will dedicate the excursion along the Nikitsky botanical garden.  It is located near the village, towards Yalta.  In the botanical garden, starting from April, every month there are large floral festivals: a parade of tulips and irises in April, the festival "Lilac of Victory" and "The Pink Waltz" in May, an exhibition of clematis in May, an exhibition of daylilies and canes in June and the famous "Parade  Chrysanthemums" in October. 

5. If you are lucky enough to be in the Party in early spring, be sure to plan a trip to Ayu-Dag.  In early March, "bear" from ears to the tail is covered with snowdrops.  Delicate flowers spread over the earth with a thick carpet, where do not look.  This spring you will not find anywhere else!

 

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Белогорск

Belogorsk – first tourists came here hundreds of thousands of years ago, as evidenced by numerous archaeological finds. In the middle ages there was a trade route from the Perekop isthmus to the coastal cities. This area adjoined the Great silk road. During the Crimean khanate Karasubazar was the center of feudal education kinakanta. In the Central part of the city (market area) has remains of a medieval caravanserai Tash Khan (Stone Palace).

Belogorsk is also known as: Karasubazar, "Bazaar on the river Kara-su."

 

From Simferopol (airport): 42 km

 

From Kerch (ferry): 180 km

What to do in Belogorsk:

1. On the way to Moscow you can open the first page of the history of the colonization of the Crimea visiting the cave "the Wolf's cave" above the valley of Besh-Terek in the village of Mazanka. Here for the first time in the Crimea was found a lot of people since the middle Paleolithic (100 thousand years ago). House caveman of Neanderthal is small – only 3-5 meters tall and 10 meters across. It resembles a huge empty eye socket.

2. Be sure to visit the village of Zuya – on this piece of land, gathered all the ancient finds from all periods – a kind of archaeological symbol of the Crimea. An ancient Muslim Shrine – grotto kirk-Azis (Forty saints) is nearby the village of Lytvynenkove.

Traces of the Scythian settlement Barot Khan (Gunpowder house), 2nd century BC – 2nd century ad were discovered a little higher on a small plateau.

3. There is another Neanderthal cave of Kiik-Koba Cave, or savage beyond Zuya over Balanovsky reservoir. Just below the dam reservoir has long excavated goto-alanskoye burial. Preserved dolmens are above the dam – ancient burial stone structures with a hole in one of the walls. Nearby is the village of Petrovo with a large Taurus burial Kopak-Tash. There's also Scythian burial mound with a stone statue of Sandstone, and a little higher stands a monument of a new story – "Partisan hat".

4. Treat yourself by a local delicacy – kumis after the tour through the centuries. People grow kumis mares in the village of Zelenogorskiy on the halfway from Zooey to Belogorsk. You can see production of the farm taste some kumis. This exotic drink improves digestion, reduces fermentation in the intestines, increases metabolism, increases hemoglobin levels and even improves the functioning of lungs.

5. You can walk around Sary-Kayu or Yellow Rock, fantasizing about meeting with the Neanderthal man.  If you're lucky, you can even find a silicon sickle or hatchet that is a good hundred thousand years old.  How to get there: near the village of Sary-Su, without reaching Belogorsk there is a pointer "Cold Mountain". 

6. Do not drive past the hunting farm "Cold Mountain" (Karakush tract) - from the Simferopol-Theodosia motorway turn left, and soon we are there.  The distance to Simferopol is 40 km, to Belogorsk 6 km.  This area offers fantastic fields of purple delphiniums and red poppies.  The word "karakush" from the Turkic language is literally translated as a "black bird" and semantically as an "eagle".  The tract of Karakush near Belogorsk was always known as a place of mass nesting of birds. 

7. You can learn dishes from pheasants in the pheasant's nursery near the "Cold Mountain".  The initiator of the creation of the kennel was Nikita Khrushchev.  It was he who after a glorious pheasant hunting in Yugoslavia brought to the Crimea about 100 pheasants and ordered the creation of a farm to grow these birds.  During 1956-1957 600 pheasants were brought here from Romania and Hungary which initiated the nursery, the only one in the USSR. 

8. Many tourists go to Belogorsk specifically to visit the famous safari park "Taigan", located near Belogorsk.  Here, camels, llamas, zebras, roe deer, giraffes, hyenas, raccoon dogs, leopards, tigers, ostriches and vultures feel at home on 34 hectares of land.  Separately on 20 hectares settled fifty lions. 

9. Do not drive past the main sight of Belogorsk - White Rock or Ak-Kaya.  The rock consists of Cretaceous formations for which it received its name.  The height of the rock is 325 meters above sea level, in its upper part there are many weathering figures and hard-to-reach grottos.  The relative height is 100 meters.  In addition to the beautiful types of curious tourists, there are many interesting discoveries here, for example, in a large grotto to the left of the entrance you can still find an old Sarmatian inscription of two thousand years old.  And above the grotto is a cave where according to the belief the Turks hid treasures when they were fleeing from the Crimea. The gold diggers continue to storm the Golden Burrow (Altyn-Teshik) despite the fact that the dangerous cavity is explored by mine rescuers. Archaeologists have found seventeen parking lots and settlements of primitive people near the northern foot of the cliff.  And in the dumps of the quarry you can collect a real paleontological collection of the Cretaceous period: the petrified skeletons of sea urchins, the teeth of sharks.  The idea of life on this place appeared by these findings eighty million years ago. 

10. Take a minute by making a photo as a souvenir under Suvorovsky oak, which grows at the foot of the White Rock.  In his shadow in 1777, after the victorious battle, the great military leader negotiated with the attorney of the Turkish sultan.  The tree is more than eight hundred years old, its diameter is about 4 meters, the trunk circumference is 12 meters, and the height is 18 meters. 

11. Visit the gorge of the Kuchuk-Karasu River with a beautiful cascade of waterfalls, reminiscent of the Grand Canyon.  This place is located 9 kilometers from the village of Cheremisovka in the direction of the village of Povorotnoe. Cheremisovo waterfalls were formed due to the passage of the river bed among the piles of various rocks.  The less stable ones were smoothed out and eroded by water but the harder ones remained in place and the river had to "jump over" them.  Geological features of the area also explain the differences in the form of individual waterfalls.  Falling water somehow knocked out depressions in the channel creating so-called "baths".  It is better to visit waterfalls in spring or autumn when it rains.  The reason is simple - like most of the Crimean rivers, Kuchuk-Karasu is small and in summer heat it almost dries up.

The path here is quite convenient. Anyone can pass the route although the riverbed passes through the gorge.  Handrails are installed in the most dangerous places; Parking lots and bridges are equipped. 

12. The village of Topolevka is very popular with tourists.  At the entrance to the village foresters equipped a comfortable area for recreation - tables and canopies near the river, always clean and tidy.  There are two ancient Armenian churches and the famous Toplovsky convent of St. Paraskeva in the village.  The earth here is famous as a place of power.  A little-known cave of Constantine, the first abbess of the monastery, remained to the side of the monastery.  The Toplovsky Monastery is famous among pilgrims and tourists who visited it with their healing springs near the holy monastery.  These are the sources of St. Paraskeva, St. George the Victorious and three Saints: Gregory the Theologian, Basil the Great, and John Chrysostom.  In addition, the monastery itself contains revered orthodox relics - a crucifixion with holy relics and ancient icons.  Prices for visiting the holy monastery will not cause significant damage to the family budget.  In addition, each visitor is waited with life-giving water, simple and tasty food in the refectory and affable nuns. 

Editorial recommends:

1. We advise to visit the village of Donskoe on the way to Belogorsk for those who are in love with their small garden behind the house.  Here an agronomist family of Volgovi has a hotbed where the most unpretentious, frost-hardy and yielding varieties of trees are harvested and also they will share with their priceless agrotechnical secrets with all comers. 

2. Do not just admire but go up to the "White Rock" and necessarily ascend after driving to the Nizhnegorskaya road from the village of Vishennogo. 

3. You should visit the Yellow Rock at the end of May. Endemic trees densely bloom at this time of year and the rock turns into a reserve of rare plants. 

4. Pay attention to the monument on the road on the way to Cheremisovsky waterfalls - a concrete stele with emptiness in the form of a rider on horseback.  This is a monument to the Tatar robber Alim, a leader of the weak and poor. The story tells that the Crimean Robin Hood robbed the rich and endowed the poor for which the people gave him the glory of the hero.  There are legends that somewhere in those places caches stuffed with gold. 

5. You should visit Chernopolye if you have planned a trip at the beginning of summer.  The Greek community had been living there since the Russian-Turkish war.  In the first days of June, Orthodox Greece celebrates the temple feast of Helena and Constantine.  On this day, in the courtyard of the church of Helen and Constantine, the villagers cook meat in large boilers and treat them to all passers-by. 

6. You should visit the Blue Stone if you want to escape from civilization and forget what century we live in.  A coral reef is not far from the Bogatoye village.  There are no any excursions because the route is difficult. But those who want to visit this place will be rewarded - everything is clean, wild, here are mushrooms, berries, dogwood, birds singing, lizards and skid rest in the sun.

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