Старый Крым

The Old Crimea is an ancient capital of the Crimean yurt and now a small provincial town on the border between the steppes of the Eastern Crimea and the foothills.  Every tourist can feel like a modern Indiana Jones here and go in search of ancient civilizations that were lost among the green elephants of Mount Agarmysh. 

The Old Crimea is known as: Karym, Solkhat, Eski-Crimea, Levkopol. 

From Simferopol (airport): 90 km

From Kerch (ferry): 121 km

 

What to do in the Old Crimea:

1. Visit the oldest surviving mosque of the peninsula - the mosque of Khan Uzbek, the main Muslim temple of medieval Solhat.  It was founded in 1314. The fundamental structure with a minaret and a magnificent carved portal has not lost its grandeur and remains an active Muslim temple - one of the most revered in the Crimea.  On the territory of the mosque there is a lapidarium and durbe - ancient Muslim tombstones.  If you go around the mosque from the south, you will find another antiquity - the impressive ruins of the first madrasah in the Crimea - the highest Muslim spiritual school.  There is a restoration now. 

2. Visit the most ancient mosque in the Crimea, built in the 13th century by the Sultan of Egypt, the Sultan Baybars mosque.  The chronicle tells that the top of the mosque was decorated with porphyry, and the walls - with marble.  , only three massive walls and a pile of legends have been preserved until nowadays but the majestic monumentality of the building emphasizes its antiquity and causes respect. 

3. Drink pure healing water from the spring near the chapel of St. Panteleimon the Healer.  This source at one time visited the Emperor Alexander II with the family and Princess Sophia Potockaya.  And from the chapel opens a majestic panorama of the whole Old Crimea.  On the 9th ofAugust, all pilgrims gather in honor of the celebration of the Day of St. Panteleimon the Healer. 

4. Visit the isles of Armenia in the Crimea - Surb-Khach monastery, located on the slope of Mount Grytsya. It occupies the first place in the Crimea among the monuments of Armenian architecture due to the beauty of its proportions, its power and majesty.  In the monastery there is a church, a kitchen, separate refectory for monks and workers, monastic cells, two patios, utility rooms and a garden.

5. Visit the Memorial House Green - the place that has become the last refuge and the only living property of the writer.  Now it is a museum - only two rooms with expositions, but everything is done with great care and love. 

6. Visit the writer's house-museum to get acquainted with the life and work of Konstantin Paustovsky.  He often visited here and devoted many works to the Crimea.  Therefore, the house became a museum where the writer often stayed, despite the fact that he did not belong to him. 

7. To see the true Catherine's mile, to learn about the history of the city and famous people whose names are associated with the Old Crimea in the Old Crimea literary and art museum. 

8. Go through the path of Green where Alexander Greene went to Koktebel to visit Voloshin in 1931.  Many famous people traveled along this road: Voloshin, sisters Tsvetaeva, Efron, Zabolotskaya.

 

Editorial recommends:

1. Plan a trip to the Old Crimea in the middle of summer and get to the famous Armenian Vardavar holiday - Transfiguration of the Lord, which is celebrated every year on the territory of the monastery of Surb Khach during the period from the 28th of June to the 1st of August. At the festival, it is common to pour water on each other, let pigeons and decorate roofs and house facades with bouquets of scarlet or orange flowers. Traditionally, apples are consecrated during Vardavar holiday. 

2. Climb to the top of Agarmysh.  The beauty of the eastern Crimea and the radiant blue of the sea will open as on the palm of your hand.  This is a kind of sight too, over which, fortunately, centuries are not powerful.

Here is a shooting area on the one of the peaks of Mount Agarmysh in the northern part of the ridge, a tower and several fortress walls where the legendary "9 companies" was filmed.

3. Visit Old Crimea from the 22nd to 24th of August during the annual International Creative Festival "Greenland". Connoisseurs of Alexander Green's creativity raise scarlet sails on the slope of Mount Agarmyshi, read their works and enjoy walks on the Green Way and admire by the views that once inspired the writer. 

4. Dedicate one day of excursion to the religious and religious places of the city.  In one part day you can visit the preserved medieval mosque of Khan Uzbek, the ruins of the oldest mosque in the Crimea - the Baybars mosque, the Assumption of the Holy Virgin church, first erected in the 14th and 15th centuries, the SurbNshan Temple located in the Armenian monastery of Surb Khach, the chapel of the healer Panteleimon and holy spring, admire the views of the Old Crimea. 

5. Dedicate a couple of hours for museum and literary excursions.  Museums in the Old Crimea are mostly associated with the names of artists who fell in love with this city with all their heart.  Several hours are enough to visit the small and romantic museum of Green, the house museum of Paustovsky, learn about the outstanding writers: the sisters of the Tsvetaeva, Maximilian Voloshin, Julia Drunina, Alexey Kapler and many others in the Old Crimea Literary and Art

Museum.  

The grave of the famous Soviet screenwriter and presenter of the cinema program Alexey Kapler and poetess Julia Drunina is at the same cemetery.  Co-workers of the Old Crimea library named after Drunin spend days of memory by reading poems of a great poetess.  You can hear about their unearthly love by visiting the Literary and Art Museum.

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