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Parfeny settlement "East-Crimean Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve"

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City of Crimea: Kerch
Adress: Republic of Crimea, c. Kerch, t. Opasnoe
Coordinates: 45.360922,36.6052
Type of tourists point: Ancient world


Ancient city Parfeny is located at the northern edge of the Opasnoe village on a small section of the eastern plateau. The hole Eastern Cape slope takes extensive ash pan, which was formed in the classical and Hellenistic period and which is one of the largest in the Bosporus. To the south of the settlement into the estuary flows a small water-bearing river, which was the source of water for the population of Parfeny.

The name Parfeny was given in the writings of Strabo and Claudius Ptolemy, mentioning it in the list of the towns located on the Cimmerian Bosporus. Strabo notes that the Parfeny was at a distance of 40 stadia from Myrmekion, ie in the narrowest part of the Strait of Kerch. The ancient city was discovered and correlated with Parfeny by Soviet historian and archaeologist K.E. Grinevich, who was a director of the Kerch Museum in 1920-1923 and who held archeological exploration of this area.

Nat much is known about the early years of the city existence, the discoveries allow us to attribute its foundation to the middle of the VI cent. BC. History of Parfeny existence in Hellenistic times to a large extent still remains poorly studied, because of bad preservation of the cultural remains of these periods in the studied area. On a good level the final stage of life of the city is studied, dated by the I - the beginning of the II cent. BC. There were found residential and farm buildings. During this period, Parfeny had a regular layout, the streets were oriented to the cardinal points. The city life was intense, as evidenced by numerous finds. Perhaps, in this period, after the termination of the existence of neighboring Porfmiya, crossing functions were transferred to the Parfeny, which continued to exist, according to preliminary data, until the beginning of the II. BC.



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