JUser: :_load: Unable to load user with ID: 670

Print this page

Mirmeky settlement GBU RK "East-Crimean Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve"

  • Be the first to comment!
(0 votes)
City of Crimea: Kerch
Adress: Republic of Crimea, c. Kerch, micro-district named after Vojkov
Type of tourists point: Ancient world


Mirmeky was founded between the first and second quarters of the VI century BC on Quarantine Cape, and lasted more than 900 years. From the Greek it means "ant hill", but there is another translation - "underwater reef", taking into considerations the proximity of the coastal cliffs.

The first residents lived in mud huts with roofs of dried seaweed. Ground house appeared by the end of the century and the settlement became a closely built-up town with a church and public buildings. In the first half of the V century BC. the town was destroyed by the attacks of the barbarians, but in the second half of the century it was restored. In IV cent. BC. Mirmeky again thrives and reaches its maximum size (7-8 ha) and is completely encircled by a defensive wall with towers in the new boundaries. Throughout its long history Mirmeky had no independent significance. Presumably that was the settlement of one of the members of the royal family of the Bosporus king.

Since the III cent. BC. wine industry was developing in the city – there are the remains of 13 wineries that resemble tanks, volume of which is about 7-8 thousand liters. During the excavations there also were found fish-salting baths of Roman period. In I cent. BC. Mirmeky was destroyed during the civil strife after the death of Mithridat VI Eupator. Life in the city revived for a short period of time and in the middle of the II century AD the tomb of the king of Bosporus Kingdom - Tiberius Julius Eupator was built on a cape.

Finally, the life of the monument was lost at the turn of III-IV centuries AD., when the remnants of the population, tired of the destruction moved to Panticapaeum. In the VIII-IX centuries on the site of a settlement was Myrmekion Saltovo-Mayaki culture, which ceased to exist in the X century. After the Mongol conquest of the Crimea and becoming a part of the Golden Horde Uzbek Khan - Emir Solkhat, the Venetians get the town in exchange for the fee payment and he was referred to as Pondiko.